Below are Japanese terms commonly used in Genwakai Karate along with an English translation.


Numbers

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One

Ichi

Two

Ni

Three

San

Four

Shi/Yon

Five

Go

Six

Roku

Seven

Shichi/Nana

Eight

Hachi

Nine

Kyu

Ten

Ju

Twenty

Ni ju

Thirty

San ju

Forty

Yon ju

Fifity

Go ju

Sixty

Roku ju

Seventy

Nana ju

Eighty

Hachi ju

Ninety

Ku ju

One Hundred

Hyaku

One Thousand

Issen; Sen

Directions & Locations

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Left

Hidari

Hidden side

Ura

Right

Migi

Natural/front side

Omote

Forward, front

Mae

Backward, rear

Ushiro

Level (front)

Jun

Reverse (back)

Gyaku

Upper-level

Jo-dan

Mid-level

Chu-dan

Low level

Ge-dan

Inside

Uchi

Outside

Soto

Sideways, horizontal

Yoko

Straight

Seiken

Action and Technique Words

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technique

waza

hard technique

goho waza

soft technique

juho waza

form

kata

lesson

jyugyou

basic techiques

kihon waza

punch

tsuki

kick

keri

cut

kiri

elbow

ate

block

uke

open-hand

karate

escape

dasshutsu

sparring

kumite

one step sparring

yakutso kumite

evasion

tai sabaki

shout/spirit breath

kiai

sword hand

shuto

pulling hand/ standard ready position of fist

hikite

switch legs

ashi kaite

moving feet while in stance

unsoku

staying in place while in stance

sonoba

both sides (natural & hidden)

dai

distance between you and an opponent

mawai

stance

dachi

focus point of a strike

kime

People & Places

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Karate student

Karateka

Teacher

Sensei

National director/founder

Kaicho

Dojo director

Kancho

Practice hall

Dojo

Hall for martial arts

Budokan

Association for martial arts

Budokai

A student's rank

Kyu

Parts of the Body

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hand

te

foot

ashi

ball of foot (literally: hip of the foot)

koshi

edge of foot

sokuto

fist

ken

head of fist

kento

wrist

kote

arm

ude

elbow

hiji (ate)

knee

hiza

leg

ashi

groin

kinteki

thumb

yubi

neck

kubi

head

atama

face

kao

hip

koshi

Clothes & Things

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Uniform

Gi

Belt

Obi

Armored uniform

Bogu

Sparring helmet

Men

War helmet

Kabuto

Staff

Bo

Sword

Katana

Punching board

Maki wara

Common Phrases

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Please (formal)

Onegai-shimasu

Thank You

Arigato-gozaimasu

Please

Kudasai

Excuse me

Sumimasen

Ready

Yoi

Begin

Hajime

End

Naote

Stop immediately

Yame



Hurry up

Hayaku

Sitting on one's heels

Seiza

Finish

Owarimasu

Starting

Hajimemasu

Ouch

Itai

Yes

Hai

No

iie

Yes/understood/affirmative

Oussu